Living Archive: The Celluloid Ceiling

Living Archive: The Celluloid Ceiling

EXCERPT

Since 1998, the annual Celluloid Ceiling study has tracked women’s employment in the core crafts of filmmaking, including directing, writing, producing, editing, and cinematography.  For the first time, the Living Archive makes the findings from every year of the study available.  The takeaway from this report is that despite the countless panels, repeated calls for voluntary programs, and promises of change, the percentages of women have remained relatively stable in the majority of the roles considered.  The percentage of women cinematographers remained virtually unchanged over the 22 years of the study (4% in 1998, 5% in 2019).  The percentage of women working as producers climbed just 3 percentage points, from 24% in 1998 to 27% in 2019, with similar increases for executive producers (18% in 1998 to 21% in 2019), and editors (20% in 1998 to 23% in 2019).  The percentage of women directors rose a scant 4 percentage points, from 9% in 1998 to 13% in 2019.  Women writers experienced the largest gains, with their percentage rising 6 points from 13% in 1998 to 19% in 2019.

Indie Women: Behind-the-Scenes Employment of Women in Independent Film 2019-2020

Indie Women: Behind-the-Scenes Employment of Women in Independent Film 2019-2020

EXCERPT

The percentages of women working as directors and writers on independent films continue to climb, reaching recent historic highs in 2019-2020.  Women comprised 38% of directors working on narrative features and documentaries, up from 33% in 2018-19 and 29% in 2017-18.  Women accounted for 35% of writers, up from 32% in 2018-19 and 26% in 2017-18.   Overall, men accounted for 66% and women 34% of all directors, writers, producers, executive producers, editors, and cinematographers working on films selected and/or screened at the festivals in 2019-2020.  Documentaries continue to offer more opportunities for women than narrative features.  Women comprised 40% of those working in key behind-the-scenes roles on documentaries but only 29% of those working on narrative features.  In addition, whereas the festivals selected and/or screened twice as many narrative features directed by men as by women, they selected and/or screened almost equal numbers of documentaries directed by men as by women.  The study provides employment figures for domestically and independently produced feature-length documentaries and narrative films selected and/or screening from July 2019 through June 2020 at more than 20 high-profile festivals in the U.S., including SXSW, AFI, and the New York Film Festival.  Indie Women is the most comprehensive and longest running study of women working in independent film available and has tracked over 88,000 credits on almost 9,000 films over the period of 2008 to 2020.

Boxed In 2019-20: Women On Screen and Behind the Scenes in Television

Boxed In 2019-20: Women On Screen and Behind the Scenes in Television

EXCERPT

In 2019-20, original programs appearing on streaming services featured substantially more female protagonists than programs on cable channels or broadcast networks.  By platform, 42% of streaming programs had clearly identifiable sole female protagonists, 27% of cable programs and 24% of broadcast programs featured female protagonists.  Women also reached historic highs as creators, directors, writers, executive producers, producers, editors, and directors of photography on streaming programs.  The gains made by women working as directors and directors of photography on streaming programs were particularly impressive.  The percentage of women working as directors soared from 15% in 2018-19 to 32% in 2019-20.  The percentage of women working as directors of photography rose from 3% in 2018-19 to 17% in 2019-20.  Regarding race and ethnicity, across platforms the percentage of Black female characters increased slightly (from 17% in 2018-19 to 20% in 2019-20), the percentage of Asian females increased slightly (from 7% in 2018-19 to 8% in 2019-20), and the percentage of Latinas decreased slightly (from 6% in 2018-19 to 5% in 2019-20).